The electricity generation sector is one of the main contributors to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The electricity sector has specific characteristics in the beneficiary countries. The generally high level of hydro capacities makes the sector less GHG intensive than in some of the other countries in the region, although additional capacities are based on outdated coal- or lignite-fired power plants. In addition, the distribution and transmission networks are generally underdeveloped. Consumption is projected to grow at a faster pace than in EU member states. The project countries are members of the Energy Community, which assists them on the path towards modernisation and helps them to better integrate to the EU market and to harmonise their rules of operation with the regulations of the EU common market. The goal is to identify cost-efficient options in the four analysed countries in terms of GHG emissions reductions, following the long-term EU decarbonisation objective.
The modelling exercise can help to answer the following questions:
What are the most cost-efficient options for reducing GHG emissions (targets for renewables, energy efficiency investments, energy taxes, performance standards, better interconnection capacities)?
What are the price impacts of these policies?
What level of penetration of renewable energy sources can be reached cost-effectively in the beneficiary countries?
What amount of subsidies is needed in the beneficiary countries in order to reach a certain level of energy production from renewable sources?
What are the co-benefits of these policies (increased security of supply, increased competition)?
Issues / Language versions
Support for Low-Emission Development in South Eastern Europe (SLED) (Albanian)
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